MLA Citations


It is MANDATORY that you cite BOTH on the Works Cited or (Annotated) Bibliography


in your text – parenthetical/in-text citations


Annotated Bibliography

1.           You must alphabetize your sources by the first letter of the first word.

2.           Indent ONE tab the 2nd, 3rd, and subsequent lines of each source.  The first line of each source starts from the left margin without any indentation.  Annotation lines should also be indented one tab.

3.           Right-click on your website URL’s and select Remove Hyperlink


Rules for in-text citations:

1. Cite ALL sources from your list INTO your paper.

2. Do NOT cite from a source that is not on your Works Cited.

3. If you are mentioning the name of the author in your own sentence, then just put the page # in () at the end of your sentence. If it’s a webpage, then don’t put anything in () at the end.


Dr. Salt mentioned that “salt is not always good for your health” (17).

As the saying goes, we need to “take everything with a grain of salt” (Salt 18).


4.  If you are NOT using the name of the author, then in parenthesis at the end of your citation, you have to put (last  name page#), for example (Garlic 21).

As the saying goes, we need to “take everything with a grain of salt” (Salt 18).


5.  If you do not have an author, then you have to cite using the title either in your sentence or in () THE WAY IT APPEARS (italicized or in quotes) on your Works Cited, for example: (“Fresco Painting”).


In Gameshows, the author is opposing…(Garlic 21)


6. Personal interviews RULE:

RULE: Name of person you interview. Type of interview. Date of interview.


Maxine, Cynthia.  Phone interview. 12 April 2006.







Works Cited

“Fresco Painting.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002. Encyclopedia Britannica. 8

May 2002. Web.  14 January 2010.

Garlic, John.  Gameshows Touch Our Lives.  New York: Random House, 1983. Print.

Hoffmann, Heinrich.  “Struwwelpeter.” Trans. Mark Twain.  Nineteenth-Century German Stories. Ed. Robert Godwin-Jones. 22 Feb. 1999. Foreign Lang. Dept., Virginia Commonwealth U. 10 Jan. 2002.  n. pag.  Web. 14 January 2010.

Pepper, Paul. “This Once Was a David of the Earth.” New York Times 13 July 2002, New England ed.: A13+.  Print.

Salt, Joey.  “Exploding Myths.” New Republic 6 June 1998: 17-19.  Print.

Smith, Joanne. “Instructing an Agent.” Mosaic 34.2 (2001): 133-48.  Print.













Sample Annotated Bibliography

The Annotated Bibliography looks identical to an MLA Works Cited page with one exception: it has annotations (or notes) explaining the thesis or content of each source.

Below is a sample Annotated Bibliography from an essay researching the poet George Herbert:

Annotated Bibliography

Caton, Steven C. "The Poetic Construction of the Self." Anthropological Quarterly.

58.4 (1985):141-148. Print.  An anthropological study of the North Yemeni wedding ceremony. The ceremony involves performance of an oral verse genre called the balah, and Caton argues that during this performance, the honorable self emerges.

Elsky, Martin. "George Herbert's Pattern Poems and the Materiality of Language: A New

Approach to Renaissance Hieroglyphics." ELH. 50.2 (1983): 245-60.  Print.  Elsky examines the materiality of language, whereby written language imitates speech, and letters are manmade signs that represent the sounds of spoken language.

Severance, Sibyl Lutz. "Self-Persistence in The Temple: George Herbert's"Artillerie."

University of Hartford Studies in Literature: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism. 15-16 (1983-1984): 108-117. Print.  Focuses on the "I" of George Herbert's poems, and the antithetical role assigned to the self to be "at once obliterated and exalted" (108). She examines Herbert's necessity for a mind that can remember, understand, and will. Further, she analyzes his contradiction in tone, rooting it in the paradoxical nature of Protestantism.